In order to preserve and propagate the species in the typhoon-affected Cagayan Valley and to investigate the potential for use of bamboo in the pharmaceutical and industrial industries, phytochemical screening and DNA barcoding of economically important bamboos will be made in the Philippines.
According to Alvin Jose L. Reyes and Eddie B. Abugan Jr of the Project Management Division (PMD) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, the use of bamboo has several advantages in the food, medicinal, phytochemical sectors. , medical and industrial. (DENR)-Foreign Aid and Special Projects.
They explained that seeds or living cells containing genetic resources beneficial for plant conservation and breeding are called germplasm. DENR-PMD staff clarified that the classification of bamboo germplasm is a key correlation between the preservation of diversity and the utilization of germplasm.
A study dubbed the Cagayan State University (CSU)-Gonzaga Bamboo Characterization Project was recently presented to the DENR Protected Areas Management Board (PAMB) in Sta. Ana, Cagayan through her project manager Jeff M. Opeña. This is his application for a free permit to carry out the tasks of bamboo characterization and sample collection on the Protected Landscape and Seascape of Palaui Island.
The CSU-Gonzaga research laboratory will also be renovated as part of the project. In Cagayan province, he will collect and classify various species in various environments. Also, a contemporary and inventive method of classifying bamboo species will be DNA barcoding. This will speed up the process of experts identifying which species they want to use based on characteristics such as rapid reproduction or medicinal properties.
Bamboo has traditionally been categorized by the frequency or abundance of its flowering – annually, sporadically or regularly and gregariously. However, the demand for a long period of time, which can span years or even decades, has made the description of floral morphology a limitation and a challenge.
On the other hand, pharmaceutical and medical professionals can find plant secondary metabolites in bamboo that have potential for business application through biochemical characterization by phytochemical screening (plant chemistry).
While secondary plant metabolites such as anthocyanins, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, phenols, steroids, tannins, and terpenoids are explored for herbal purposes among other potential commercial uses, primary metabolites include tiny molecules like amino acids and carbohydrates.
Additionally, Executive Order 879 required that 25% of the Department of Education’s annual supply of desks be constructed of bamboo. The Philippine Bamboo Industry Development Council (PBIDC) is established by Executive Order 879.
According to a directive sent to the DENR’s Office of Forest Management, the Laguna Lake Development Authority and the Bureau of Mines and Geosciences, bamboo should be planted in the agency’s own reforestation areas.
In addition to reducing flooding caused by typhoons, the DENR wants to use bamboo as a strategy to reduce climate change. Per hectare of planting, bamboo is known to absorb five metric tons of carbon dioxide. Bamboo is planted in the Bicol and Marikina rivers, which are usually flooded during typhoons. By using engineered bamboo, DENR also advocates its use as a replacement for lumber.
The first bamboo species studies to consider the different habitats where bamboo grows in Cagayan Province are the phytochemical and morphological studies of bamboo species. Smith Volcano, also known as Mount Babuyan, which is politically located on Calayan Island, and Mount Cagua in Gonzaga are the two volcanoes that the study of bamboo species growth will focus on.
Coastal locations, residential areas, grasslands, agro-ecosystems, beside water bodies, caves, near volcano, rainforests, islands, protected areas and other habitats will be searched for the species. of bamboo using DNA barcodes.